Endodontics, also known as root canal treatment, is the branch of dentistry that deals with the diseases of the tooth’s vital tissue of pulp (inner layer). Inside the teeth, there is a layer of veins and nerves, which we call “pulp.” When the bruise reaches this area, it often causes pain. When caries formed by microorganisms reach the layer of blood vessels and nerves, they easily multiply in this region. The tooth becomes dead.
Microorganisms that multiply in the pulp layer begin to spread from the tip of the tooth roots and form cysts. This situation adversely affects the general health of the patient.
A root canal treatment is applied to resolve this situation. Root canal treatment involves cleaning caries and microorganisms in the pulp layer of the tooth with special tools and filling the area so that any microorganisms live.
Root canals are the thin, narrow spaces that extend from the center of the tooth to the tip of the root. Root canal treatment is the treatment to save the soft tissues in this layer when they become inflamed.
Why is root canal treatment necessary?
When the pulp layer becomes acutely inflamed due to trauma or caries, this layer should be cleaned to stop the spread of infection and save the tooth. Adult individuals do not need a pulp layer. The pulp layer’s primary function is to contribute to the growth of teeth during childhood. An alternative to root canal treatment is tooth extraction. The success rate of a well-applied root canal treatment is quite high. Therefore, root canal treatment should be performed first.
Is Root Canal Treatment painful?
Thanks to modern anesthesia techniques, the procedure is painless today. If the tooth hurts before root canal treatment, there may be sensitivity for 1-2 days after treatment. In this case, the painkillers recommended by your dentist will be sufficient to prevent pain. Your dentist may also recommend taking antibiotics if he or she feels it is necessary.