Periodontology is the discipline of dentistry that deals with the health and problems of the dental tissues surrounding the tooth, including the gums, the bone that surrounds the tooth, and the fibers that connect the tooth to the bone. The disease of the tissue surrounding the tooth is called gum disease. Gum disease is called gingivitis, and advanced gum disease is called periodontitis.
Sick, red, bleeding gums cause bad breath with the flow of inflammation. The gums recede, and gaps appear between the teeth. This situation endangers oral and dental health and leads to a poor appearance. If gum problems are not detected and prevented early, they can irreversibly damage teeth and surrounding tissues, leading to tooth and bone loss.
What is the cause of bad breath?
Although bad breath (halitosis) can be caused by various diseases related to general health, the leading cause is usually problems in the mouth. In addition to tartar and gum disease, dry mouth or decreased salivation can also lead to bad breath.
It is possible to eliminate bad breath by fighting the bacteria that produce sulfur compounds and destroying the sulfur compounds formed in the mouth. For this purpose, oral hygiene, regular dental check-ups, tartar cleaning, and necessary gum treatments should be performed.
What are the symptoms of gum disease?
- Red and swollen gums and bleeding gums. Even when brushing or flossing vigorously, healthy gums do not bleed.
- Persistent bad breath due to bacteria in the mouth.
- Gaps between teeth due to bone loss.
- Tooth loss due to bone loss or poor gingival attachment
- Inflammation of the teeth and gums is an indication of infection.
- Gum recession around the tooth.
- Sensitivity and discomfort.